Chapter 15

Tavamithram’s Gita Samiti

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श्रीमद्भगवत गीता

 Srimad Bhagavad Gita

 Chapter 15

 पुरुषोत्तमयोग – Purushottama Yoga

The Yoga of The Supreme Spirit

15:01
श्रीभगवानुवाच |
ऊर्ध्वमूलमधःशाखमश्वत्थं प्राहुरव्ययम् |
छन्दांसि यस्य पर्णानि यस्तं वेद स वेदवित् || १५ १ ||
Sri Bhagavaan uvaacha:
oordhva-moolam adhah-shaakham-
ashvattham praahu-ravyayam
cchandaamsi yasya parnaani
yastam veda sa vedavit (SBG 15:01)

Shri Bhagavan Krishna said:
The wise speak of the banyan tree, which has its roots above and branches below, the leaves of which are the Vedas. He who knows it is a knower of the Vedas.
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15:02
अधश्चोर्ध्वं प्रसृतास्तस्य शाखा
गुणप्रवृद्धा विषयप्रवालाः |
अधश्च मूलान्यनुसंततानि
कर्मानुबन्धीनि मनुष्यलोके || १५ २ ||
adhash-chordhvam prasrutaas-tasya shaakhaa
guna-pravruddhaa vishaya-pravaalaaha
adhash-cha moolaanya-nusanta-taani
karmaanu-bandheeni manushya-loke (SBG 15:02)

Its branches are covered with budding shoots that are sense objects and are nourished by the Gunas. Its secondary roots stretch below in the world of men producing action and entangling them in the bondage of action.
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15:03
न रूपमस्येह तथोपलभ्यते
नान्तो न चादिर्न च संप्रतिष्ठा |
अश्वत्थमेनं सुविरूढमूलं
असङ्गशस्त्रेण दृढेन छित्त्वा || १५ ३ ||
na roopama-syeha tatho-pala-bhyate
naanto na chaadirna cha sampratisht-haa
ashvattha-menam suvirood-hamoolam
asanga-shastrena drud-hena cchittvaa (SBG 15:03)

15:04
ततः पदं तत्परिमार्गितव्यं
यस्मिन्गता न निवर्तन्ति भूयः |
तमेव चाद्यं पुरुषं प्रपद्ये |
यतः प्रवृत्तिः प्रसृता पुराणी || १५ ४ ||
tatah padam tat-pari-maar-gitavyam
yasmin-gataa na nivartanti bhooyaha
tameva chaadyam purusham prapadye
yatah pravruttihi prasrutaa puraanee (SBG 15:04)

15:03 -04
For a person involved in worldly life the actual form of the tree is not visible, neither its origin nor its end. A person should aim at seeking the highest state from which one does not return to Samsara. Achieving that state is possible only by severing the deep rooted tree with the strong axe of non-attachment and by fully surrendering and taking refuge in the Supreme Bhagavan from whom ancient energy and all this eternal process emerged.
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15:05
निर्मानमोहा जितसङ्गदोषा
अध्यात्मनित्या विनिवृत्तकामाः।
द्वन्द्वैर्विमुक्ताः सुखदुःखसंज्ञैर्गच्छन्त्यमूढाः
पदमव्ययं तत् ॥१५- ५॥
nirmaana-mohaa jita-sanga-doshaa
adhyaat manityaa vini vritta kaamaah
dvand-vairvi-muktaaha sukha-duhkha-samjnair-
gacchantya-mood-haaha pada-mavyayam tat (SBG 15:05)

Free from pride and delusion, victorious over the evil of attachment, dwelling constantly in the Self, their desires having completely turned away, freed from the pairs of opposites known as pleasure and pain, they will certainly reach the eternal goal.
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15:06
न तद्भासयते सूर्यो न शशाङ्को न पावकः |
यद्गत्वा न निवर्तन्ते तद्धाम परमं मम || १५ ६ ||
na tad-bhaa-sayate sooryo
na shashaangko na paavakaha
yad-gatvaa na nivartante
taddhaama paramam mama (SBG 15:06)

Neither does the sun, moon nor fire illumine My Supreme abode. The one who reaches the Highest Abode, never returns to material life.
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15:07
ममैवांशो जीवलोके जीवभूतः सनातनः |
मनःषष्ठानीन्द्रियाणि प्रकृतिस्थानि कर्षति || १५ ७ ||
mamai-vaamsho jeeva-loke
jeeva-bhootaha sanaatanaha
manah shasht-haa-neendriyaani
prakritisthaani karshati (SBG 15:07)

Souls in living beings are an eternal portion of Myself. They are bound by their material nature and draw toward them the five senses and the mind.
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15:08
शरीरं यदवाप्नोति यच्चाप्युत्क्रामतीश्वरः |
गृहीत्वैतानि संयाति वायुर्गंधानिवाशयात् || १५ ८ ||
shareeram yada-vaapnoti yacchaa-
pyut-kraama-teesh-varaha
gruhee-tvaitaani samyaati vaayur-gandhaa-nivaa-shayaat (SBG 15:08)

When the soul which is the master, acquires a body, it takes the mind and the five senses from the body it has left, just as the wind takes different odours along with it.
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15:09
श्रोत्रं चक्षुः स्पर्शनं च रसनं घ्राणमेव च |
अधिष्ठाय मनश्चायं विषयानुपसेवते || १५ ९ ||
shrotram chakshuhu sparshanam
cha rasanam ghraana-meva cha
adhisht-haaya manash-chaayam
vishayaanu-pasevate (SBG 15:09)

Making use of the ear, the eye, touch, taste and smell, as well as the mind, the soul in the body, enjoys the objects of the senses.
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15:10
उत्क्रामन्तं स्थितं वाऽपि भुंजानं वा गुणान्वितम् |
विमूढा नानुपश्यन्ति पश्यन्ति ज्ञानचक्षुषः || १५ १० ||
utkraamantam sthitam vaapi
bhunjaanam vaa gunaan-vitam
vimood-haa naanu-pashyanti
pashyanti jnaana-chakshu-shaha (SBG 15:10)

Ignorant people cannot perceive the soul dwelling in the body, when it leaves the body or when it enjoys experiences being bound by the Gunas. People with the eye of knowledge can see all that.
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15:11
यतन्तो योगिनश्चैनं पश्यन्त्यात्मन्यवस्थितम् |
यतन्तोऽप्यकृतात्मानो नैनं पश्यंत्यचेतसः || १५ ११ ||
yatanto yoginash-chainam
pashyan-tyaat-manya-vasthitam
yatanto’pyakritaat-maano
nainam pashyan-tya-cheta-saha (SBG 15:11)

The Yogis who strive for perfection see Him seated within themselves; however, those who have not gained Self control, and have minds which are not purified, cannot see Him even after striving hard.
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15:12
यदादित्यगतं तेजो जगद्भासयतेऽखिलम् |
यच्चन्द्रमसि यच्चाग्नौ तत्तेजो विद्धि मामकम् || १५ १२ ||
yadaa-ditya-gatam tejo
jagad-bhaasa-yate-’khilam
yacchandra-masi yacchaa-gnau
tattejo viddhi maamakam (SBG 15:12)

The brilliance of the sun which is the source of illumination of the whole world, the radiance of the moon and the brightness of the fire, are Mine.
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15:13
गामाविश्य च भूतानि धारयाम्यहमोजसा |
पुष्णामि चौषधीः सर्वाः सोमो भूत्वा रसात्मकः || १५ १३ ||
gaam-aavishya cha bhootaani
dhaara-yaamyaha-mojasaa
pushnaami-chaushadheehi sarvaaha
somo bhootvaa rasaat-makaha (SBG 15:13)

Pervading the earth I support all beings by My energy; and by becoming the watery moon, I nourish all herbs with the juice of life.
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15:14
अहं वैश्वानरो भूत्वा प्राणिनां देहमाश्रितः |
प्राणापानसमायुक्तः पचाम्यन्नं चतुर्विधम् || १५ १४ ||
aham vaishvaanaro bhootvaa
praaninaam deha-maashritaha
praanaapaana-samaayuktaha
pachaam-yannam chatur-vidham (SBG 15:14)

I am the fire of digestion Vaishvanara, associated with the Prana and Apana the incoming and outgoing breaths, dwelling in the body of all living beings and I digest the four kinds of food.
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15:15
सर्वस्य चाहं हृदि सन्निविष्टो
मत्तः स्मृतिर्ज्ञानमपोहनंच |
वेदैश्च सर्वैरहमेव वेद्यो
वेदान्तकृद्वेदविदेव चाहम् || १५ १५ ||
sarvasya chaaham hrudi sanni-vishto
mattaha smrutir-jnaanam-apohanam-cha
vedaischa sarvair-ahameva vedyo
vedaanta-krud-veda-videva chaaham (SBG 15:15)

I am seated in the hearts of all; from Me are memory, knowledge, and also their absence. I alone am that which has to be known by all the Vedas; I am the author of the Vedanta, and the knower of the Vedas.
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15:16
द्वाविमौ पुरुषौ लोके क्षरश्चाक्षर एव च |
क्षरः सर्वाणि भूतानि कूटस्थोऽक्षर उच्यते || १५ १६ ||
dvaavi-mau purushau loke
ksharash-chaakshara eva cha
ksharah sarvaani bhootaani
kootastho’kshara uchyate (SBG 15:16)

There are two Purushas namely, Kshar the perishable and Akshar, the imperishable. All beings in the material world are perishable. The liberated ones or Kootastha are imperishable.
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15:17
उत्तमः पुरुषस्त्वन्यः परमात्मेत्युधाहृतः |
यो लोकत्रयमाविश्य बिभर्त्यव्यय ईश्वरः || १५ १७ ||
uttamah purushast-vanyaha
paramaat-metyu-daahrutaha
yo loka-traya-maavishya
bibhartya-vyaya ishwaraha (SBG 15:17)

Distinct is the Supreme Purusha or the Highest Self, the indestructible Brahman, who pervades the three worlds and sustains all living beings.
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15:18
यस्मात्क्षरमतीतोऽहमक्षरादपि चोत्तमः |
अतोऽस्मि लोके वेदे च प्रथितः पुरुषोत्तमः || १५ १८ ||
yasmaat ksharam ateeto’ham-
aksharaa-dapi chotta-maha
ato’smi loke vede cha
prathitaha puru-shotta-maha (SBG 15:18)

Since I transcend the perishable and am even higher than the imperishable, I am celebrated in the Vedas as the highest Purusha.
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15:19
यो मामेवमसंमूढो जानाति पुरु षोत्तमम् |
स सर्वविद्भजति मां सर्वभावेन भारत || १५ १९ ||
yo maamevam-asammood-ho
jaanaati-purushottamam
sa sarva-vidbhajati maam
sarva-bhaavena bhaarata (SBG 15:19)

The one who knows the truth, is undeluded and knows Me as the Highest Purusha. Such a person worships Me with their whole heart and being, O Arjuna!
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15:20
इति गुह्यतमं शास्त्रमिदमुक्तं मयाऽनघ |
एतत्बुद्ध्वा बुद्धिमान्स्यात्कृतकृत्यश्च भारत || १५ २० ||
iti guhya-tamam shaastram
idamuktam mayaa’nagha
etad-buddhvaa buddhimaan syaat
krita-krityash-cha bhaarata (SBG 15:20)

I have taught you this most secret science, O sinless one Arjuna! By knowing this makes a person wise and all his duties are fulfilled.
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ॐ तत्सदिति श्रीमद् भगवद्गीतासूपनिषत्सु
ब्रह्मविद्यायां योगशास्त्रे श्रीकृष्णार्जुन संवादे
पुरुषोत्तमयोगो नाम पंचदशोऽध्यायः || १५ ||
Hari Om Tat Sat
Iti Srimad Bhagavadgeetaasoopanishatsu Brahmavidyaayaam
Yogashaastre Sri Krishnaarjunasamvaade
Purushottamayogo Naama Panchadasho’dhyaayaha

Thus ends the fifteenth part of the Bhagavad Gita
“ The Yoga of The Supreme Spirit”
-The Science of the Eternal, the Scripture of Yoga,
the dialogue between Shri Krishna and Arjuna.


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