Chapter 10

Srimad Bhagavad Gita
Chapter 10
विभूतियोग – Vibhuti Yoga
The Yoga of Divine Splendour

10:01
श्रीभगवानुवाच |
भूय एव महाबाहो शृणु मे परमं वचः |
यत्तेऽहं प्रीयमाणाय वक्ष्यामि हितकाम्यया || १० १ ||
Sri Bhagavaan uvaacha:
bhooya eva mahaa-baaho
shrNu me paramam vachaha
yatte’ham preeya-maaNaaya
vakshyaami hita-kaamya-yaa (SBG 10:01)

Shri Bhagavan Krishna said:
Again, O mighty armed one (Arjuna), hear My Supreme words which I will tell you for your benefit.
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10:02
न मे विदुः सुरगणाः प्रभवं न महर्षयः |
अहमादिर्हि देवानां महर्षीणां च सर्वशः || १० २ ||
na me viduh suragaNaaha
prabhavam na maharshayaha
ahamaadirhi devaanaam
maharsheeNaam cha sarvashaha (SBG 10:02)

Never will the deities nor the great sages know my origin. I am certainly the source from which the deities and the great sages come.
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10:03
यो मामजमनादिं च वेत्ति लोकमहेश्वरम् |
असंमूढः स मर्त्येषु सर्वपापैः प्रमुच्यते || १० ३ ||
yo maama-jamanaadim cha
vetti loka-maheshvaram
asammood-hah sa martyeshu
sarva-paapaihi pramuchyate (SBG 10:03)

Anyone among the mortals who knows Me as the unborn, without any beginning, as the Supreme Bhagavan of the worlds, will be delivered from all illusions and sins.
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10:04
बुद्धिर्ज्ञानमसंमोहः क्षमा सत्यं दमः शमः |
सुखं दुःखं भवोऽभावो भयं चाभयमेव च || १० ४ ||
buddhir-jnaana-masam-mohaha
kshamaa satyam damah shamaha
sukham duhkham bhavo’bhaavo
bhayam chaabhaya-meva cha (SBG 10:04)

Intelligence, knowledge, clarity of mind, forgiveness, honesty, self control, happiness, pain, birth, death, fear and fearlessness,

10:05
अहिंसा समता तुष्टिस्तपो दानं यशोऽयशः |
भवन्ति भावा भूतानां मत्त एव पृथग्विधाः || १० ५ ||
ahimsaa samataa tushtis-
tapo daanam yasho’yashaha
bhavanti bhaavaa bhootaanaam
matta eva prithag-vidhaaha (SBG 10:05)

…non-violence, equanimity, contentment, austerity, fame, beneficence and ill-fame are different kinds of qualities of beings, that arise from Me alone.
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10:06
महर्षयः सप्त पूर्वे चत्वारो मनवस्तथा |
मद्भावा मानसा जाता येषां लोक इमाः प्रजाः || १० ६ ||
maharshayaha sapta poorve
chatvaaro mana-vastathaa
madbhaavaa maanasaa jaataa
yeshaam loka imaah prajaaha (SBG 10:06)

The seven great sages, the four ancient Saints and the Manus, were born of My mind. It is from them that all of humanity is born in this world.
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10:07
एतां विभूतिं योगं च मम यो वेत्ति तत्त्वतः |
सोऽविकम्पेन योगेन युज्यते नात्र संशयः || १० ७ ||
etaam vibhootim yogam cha
mama yo vetti tattvataha
so’vikampena yogena
yujyate naatra samshayaha (SBG 10:07)

He who truly knows the glory and power of Mine attains unflinching Yoga and there is no doubt about this.
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10:08
अहं सर्वस्य प्रभवो मत्तः सर्वं प्रवर्तते |
इति मत्वा भजन्ते मां बुधा भावसमन्विताः || १० ८ ||
aham sarvasya prabhavo
mattaha sarvam pravartate
iti matvaa bhajante maam
budhaa bhaava-saman-vitaaha (SBG 10:08)

I am the source of everything and everything evolves from Me. Knowing this, the wise worship Me with absolute devotion.
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10:09
मच्चित्ता मद्गतप्राणा बोधयन्तः परस्परम् |
कथयन्तश्च मां नित्यं तुष्यन्ति च रमन्ति च || १० ९ ||
macchittaa madgata-praaNaa
bodha-yantah parasparam
katha-yantash-cha maam nityam
tushyanti cha ramanti cha (SBG 10:09)

The minds of My devotees are fully engaged in Me. Their lives are devoted to Me. They attain great transcendental bliss by preaching about Me to one another.
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10:10
तेषां सततयुक्तानां भजतां प्रीतिपूर्वकम् |
ददामि बुद्धियोगं तं येन मामुपयान्ति ते || १० १० ||
teshaam satata-yuktaanaam
bhajataam preeti-poorvakam
dadaami buddhiyogam tam
yena maamu-payaanti te (SBG 10.10)

To them who are ever steadfast, worshipping Me with love, I give the Yoga of discrimination by which they come to Me.
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10:11
तेषामेवानुकम्पार्थमहमज्ञानजं तमः |
नाशयाम्यात्मभावस्थो ज्ञानदीपेन भास्वता || १० ११ ||
teshaam-evaanu-kam-paartham-
aham-ajnaanajam tamaha
naasha-yaam-yaat-mabhaa-vastho
jnaana-deepena bhaasvataa (10.11)

Out of mere compassion for them, I reside in their intellect and destroy the darkness born of ignorance by the bright lamp of knowledge.
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10:12
परं ब्रह्म परं धाम पवित्रं परमं भवान् |
पुरुषं शाश्वतं दिव्यमादिदेवमजं विभुम् || १० १२ ||
Arjuna uvaacha:
param brahma param dhaama
pavitram paramam bhavaan
purusham shaashvatam divyam-
aadi-deva-majam vibhum (SBG 10.12)

Arjuna said:
You are the Supreme Brahman, the Supreme Abode, the Supreme Sustenance, the Eternal, the Purest, the Most Supreme Personality, The Original, The Transcendental, The Unborn and The Greatest.

10:13
आहुस्त्वामृषयः सर्वे देवर्षिर्नारदस्तथा |
असितो देवलो व्यासः स्वयं चैव ब्रवीषि मे || १० १३ ||
aahustvaam-rushayah sarve
devar-shirnaara-dasta-thaa
asito devalo vyaasaha
svayam chaiva braveeshi me (SBG 10:13)

All the sages like Narada, Asita, Devala, Vyasa, proclaimed this and now You Yourself are saying it to me.
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10:14
सर्वमेतदृतं मन्ये यन्मां वदसि केशव |
न हि ते भगवन्व्यक्तिं विदुर्देवा न दानवाः || १० १४ ||
sarva-meta-drutam manye
yan-maam vadasi keshava
na hi te bhagavan-vyaktim
vidur-devaa na daanavaaha (SBG 10:14)

I believe all the truths that You have revealed to me O Bhagavan Krishna. Never can the Deities nor the demons know your Manifestations.
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10:15
स्वयमेवात्मनात्मानं वेत्थ त्वं पुरुषोत्तम |
भूतभावन भूतेश देवदेव जगत्पते || १० १५ ||
svaya-mevaat-manaat-maanam
vettha tvam purushottama
bhoota-bhaavana bhootesha
devadeva jagatpate (SBG 10:15)

Certainly, You alone know Yourself, O Supreme source of everything, O God of the Gods, O Bhagavan of the Universe.
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10:16
वक्तुमर्हस्यशेषेण दिव्या ह्यात्मविभूतयः |
याभिर्विभूतिभिर्लोकानिमांस्त्वं व्याप्य तिष्ठसि || १० १६ ||
vaktum-arhasya-shesheNa
divyaa hyaat-mavi-bhootayaha
yaabhir vibhooti-bhir lokaan-
imaams-tvam vyaapya tisht-hasi (SBG 10:16)

You alone can tell me in detail about all Your Abundance and your Divine Glories through which all the worlds exist.
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10:17
कथं विद्यामहं योगिंस्त्वां सदा परिचिन्तयन् |
केषु केषु च भावेषु चिन्त्योऽसि भगवन्मया || १० १७ ||
katham vidyaa-maham yogim-
stvaam sadaa parichintayan
keshu keshu cha bhaaveshu
chintyo’si bhagavan-mayaa (SBG 10:17)

In which way shall I think of You O Supreme Yogi? In which form of Yours should I meditate upon you O Supreme Bhagavan?
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10:18
विस्तरेणात्मनो योगं विभूतिं च जनार्दन |
भूयः कथय तृप्तिर्हि शृण्वतो नास्ति मेऽमृतम् || १० १८ ||
vistare-Naat-mano yogam
vibhootim cha janaardana
bhooyah kathaya trptirhi
shrnNvato naasti me’mritam (SBG 10:18)

O Janardhana (Bhagavan Krishna), please tell me again about Your Divine glories and manifestations because I am never content hearing Your words which are like nectar.
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10:19
श्रीभगवानुवाच |
हन्त ते कथयिष्यामि दिव्या ह्यात्मविभूतयः |
प्राधान्यतः कुरुश्रेष्ठ नास्त्यन्तो विस्तरस्य मे || १० १९ ||
Sri Bhagavaan uvaacha:
hanta te katha-yish-yaami
divyaa hyaat-mavi-bhootayaha
praadhaan-yatah kuru-shreshtha
naastyanto vistarasya me (SBG 10:19)

Bhagavan Shri Krishna said:
Yes, I will tell you of My Divine Glories, but only of some of the principal ones because My Glories are limitless.
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10:20
अहमात्मा गुडाकेश सर्वभूताशयस्थितः |
अहमादिश्च मध्यं च भूतानामन्त एव च || १० २० ||
ahamaatmaa gudaakesha
sarva-bhootaa-shayas-thitaha
ahamaadish-cha madhyam cha
bhootaa-naam-anta eva cha (SBG 10:20)

I am the Self, O Gudakesha (Arjuna), situated within all living entities. I am the origin, the middle and also the end of all beings.
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10:21
आदित्यानामहं विष्णुर्ज्योतिषां रविरंशुमान् |
मरीचिर्मरुतामस्मि नक्षत्राणामहं शशी || १० २१ ||
aadityaa-naam-aham vishNur-
jyotishaam ravir-amshumaan
mareechir-marutaa-masmi
nakshatraa-Naamaham shashee (SBG 10:21)

Among the Adityas, I am Vishnu; among the luminaries, the radiant sun; among the Maruts, I am Marichi; and among heavenly bodies, I am the moon.
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10:22
वेदानां सामवेदोऽस्मि देवानामस्मि वासवः |
इन्द्रियाणां मनश्चास्मि भूतानामस्मि चेतना || १० २२ ||
vedaanaam saama-vedo’smi
devaanaam asmi vaasavaha
indriyaaNaam manash-chaasmi
bhootaa-naa-masmi chetanaa (SBG 10:22)

Among the Vedas I am the Sama Veda; I am Vaasava among the gods; among the senses I am the mind; and I am the intelligence among living beings.
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10:23
रुद्राणां शङ्करश्चास्मि वित्तेशो यक्षरक्षसाम् |
वसूनां पावकश्चास्मि मेरुः शिखरिणामहम् || १० २३ ||
rudraa-Naam shankarash-chaasmi
vittesho yaksha-raksha-saam
vasoonaam paava-kash-chaasmi
meruh shikhari-Naamaham (SBG 10:23)

And, among the Rudras I am Shankara; among the Yakshas and Rakshasas, I am Kubera the Lord of wealth; among the Vasus I am Pavaka (fire); and among the seven mountains I am Meru.
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10:24
पुरोधसां च मुख्यं मां विद्धि पार्थ बृहस्पतिम् |
सेनानीनामहं स्कन्दः सरसामस्मि सागरः || १० २४ ||
purodhasaam cha mukhyam maam

viddhipaartha brihaspatim
senaa-neenaam-aham skandaha

sarasaam-asmi saagaraha (SBG 10:24)

Among the household priests of kings, O Arjuna, know Me to be the chief Brihaspati; among the army generals I am Skanda; among water bodies I am the ocean!
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10:25
महर्षीणां भृगुरहं गिरामस्म्येकमक्षरम् |
यज्ञानां जपयज्ञोऽस्मि स्थावराणां हिमालयः || १० २५ ||
mahar-sheeNaam bhrigur-aham
giraa-masmyekam-aksharam
yajnaanaam japayajno’smi
sthaa-varaa-Naam himaalayaha (SBG 10:25)

Among the great sages I am Bhrigu; among words I am the mono syllable Aum; among sacrifices I am the sacrifice of repetition of Mantras; among immovable things I am the Himalayas.
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10:26
अश्वत्थः सर्ववृक्षाणां देवर्षीणां च नारदः |
गन्धर्वाणां चित्ररथः सिद्धानां कपिलो मुनिः || १० २६ ||
ashvatthaha sarva-vrik-shaaNaam
devar-sheeNaam cha naaradaha
gandharvaaNaam chitrarathaha

siddhaaNaam kapilo munihi (SBG 10:26)

Among the trees I am the Peepal (Ficus religiosa); among the divine sages I am Narada; among Gandharvas I am Chitraratha; among the perfect souls I am Kapila.
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10:27
उच्चैःश्रवसमश्वानां विद्धि माममृतोद्भवम् |
ऐरावतं गजेन्द्राणां नराणां च नराधिपम् || १० २७ ||
ucchaihi-shravasam-ashvaanaam
viddhi maama-mrtodbhavam
airaavatam gajendraaNaam
naraaNaam cha naraadhipam (SBG 10:27)

Among horses, know Me as Ucchaishravas, born of nectar; among elephants, I am the Airaavata; and among men, I am the king.
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10:28
आयुधानामहं वज्रं धेनूनामस्मि कामधुक् |
प्रजनश्चास्मि कन्दर्पः सर्पाणामस्मि वासुकिः || १० २८ ||
aayu-dhaanaam-aham vajram
dhenoo-naam-asmi kaamadhuk
prajanash-chaasmi kandarpaha
sarpaaNaam-asmi vaasukihi (SBG 10:28)

Among weapons I am the thunderbolt; among cows I am the wish-fulfilling cow called Surabhi; I am the progenitor, the God of love; among serpents, I am Vasuki.
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10:29
अनन्तश्चास्मि नागानां वरुणो यादसामहम् |
पितॄणामर्यमा चास्मि यमः संयमतामहम् || १० २९ ||
anantash-chaasmi naagaanaam
varuNo yaada-saamaham
pitruNaam-aryamaa chaasmi
yamah samya-mataa-maham (SBG 10:29)

I am Ananta among the Nagas; I am Varuna among water-Deities; I am Aryaman among the departed ancestors; and among the governors of justice, I am Yama the Lord of death.
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10:30
प्रह्लादश्चास्मि दैत्यानां कालः कलयतामहम् |
मृगाणां च मृगेन्द्रोऽहं वैनतेयश्च पक्षिणाम् || १० ३० ||
prahlaadash-chaasmi daityaanaam
kaalaha kalaya-taama-ham
mrigaaNaam cha mrigendro’ham
vaina-teyash-cha pakshiNaam (SBG 10:30)

And, I am Prahlada among the demons; among reckoners, I am time; among beasts I am their king, the lion; and Garuda among birds.
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10:31
पवनः पवतामस्मि रामः शस्त्रभृतामहम् |
झषाणां मकरश्चास्मि स्रोतसामस्मि जाह्नवी || १० ३१ ||
pavanah pavataam-asmi
raamah shastra-bhritaam-aham
jhashaaNaam makarash-chaasmi
srotasaam-asmi jaahnavee (SBG 10:31)

Among the purifiers I am the wind; I am Rama among the warriors; among the fishes I am the shark; among the rivers I am the Ganga.
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10:32
सर्गाणामादिरन्तश्च मध्यं चैवाहमर्जुन |
अध्यात्मविद्या विद्यानां वादः प्रवदतामहम् || १० ३२ ||
sargaa-Naam-aadiran-tash-cha
madhyam chaivaaham-arjuna
adhyaatma-vidyaa vidyaanaam
vaadah pravadataam-aham (SBG 10:32)

Among creations I am the beginning, the middle and also the end, O Arjuna! Among the sciences I am the science of the Self; and in debates I am the power of logical reasoning.
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10:33
अक्षराणामकारोऽस्मि द्वन्द्वः सामासिकस्य च |
अहमेवाक्षयः कालो धाताऽहं विश्वतोमुखः || १० ३३ ||
aksharaa-Naam-akaaro’smi
dvandvah saamaa-sikasya cha
ahamevaaksha-yah kaalo
dhaataa-ham vishvato-mukhaha (SBG 10:33)

Among the letters of the alphabet, I am the letter “A” , and the dual among grammatical compounds. I am truly the inexhaustible and everlasting time; I am the creator Brahma, the one with faces in all directions.
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10:34
मृत्युः सर्वहरश्चाहमुद्भवश्च भविष्यताम् |
कीर्तिः श्रीर्वाक्च नारीणां स्मृतिर्मेधा धृतिः क्षमा || १० ३४ ||
mrityuh sarva-harash-chaaham-
udbhavash-cha bhavishya-taam
keertih shreer-vaakcha naareeNaam
smritir-medhaa-dhritih kshamaa (SBG 10:34)

And I am the all-devouring death, and prosperity of those who are to be prosperous; among feminine attributes I am fame, prosperity, speech, memory, intelligence, firmness and forgiveness.
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10:35
बृहत्साम तथा साम्नां गायत्री छन्दसामहम् |
मासानां मार्गशीर्षोऽहमृतूनां कुसुमाकरः || १० ३५ ||
brihat-saama tathaa saam-naam
gaayatree cchanda-saamaham
maasaanaam maargasheersho’ham-
rutoonaam kusumaa-karaha (SBG 10:35)

Among the hymns (in the Saama Veda) I am the Brihatsaaman; among metres I am Gayatri; among the months I am Margashirsha; among seasons, I am spring, the flowery season.
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10:36

द्यूतं छलयतामस्मि तेजस्तेजस्विनामहम् |
जयोऽस्मि व्यवसायोऽस्मि सत्त्वं सत्त्ववतामहम् || १० ३६ ||
dyootam cchalaya-taamasmi
tejas-tejasvinaam-aham
jayo’smi vyava-saayo’smi
sattvam sattva-vataa-maham (SBG 10:36)

I am the dicing of the fraudulent; I am the splendour of the splendid; I am the victory of the victorious; I am determination of those who are determined; and I am the goodness of the good.
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10:37
वृष्णीनां वासुदेवोऽस्मि पाण्डवानां धनंजयः |
मुनीनामप्यहं व्यासः कवीनामुशना कविः || १० ३७ ||
vrushneeNaam vaasudevo’smi
paaNdavaa-naam dhananjayaha
munee-naamap-yaham vyaasaha
kaveenaam-ushanaa kavihi (SBG 10:37)

Among Vrishnis I am Vaasudeva; among the Pandavas I am Arjuna; among sages I am Vyaasa; among poets I am Ushana.
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10:38
दण्डो दमयतामस्मि नीतिरस्मि जिगीषताम् |
मौनं चैवास्मि गुह्यानां ज्ञानं ज्ञानवतामहम् || १० ३८ ||
dando damaya-taam-asmi
neeti-rasmi jigee-shataam
maunam chaivaasmi guhyaa-naam
jnaanam jnaana vataam-aham (SBG 10:38)

I am the sceptre of rulers; among those who seek victory, I am statesmanship; among secrets, I am silence; and of the wise, I am wisdom.
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10:39
यच्चापि सर्वभूतानां बीजं तदहमर्जुन |
न तदस्ति विना यत्स्यान्मया भूतं चराचरम् || १० ३९ ||
yachchaapi sarva-bhootaanaam
beejam tadaham-arjuna
na tadasti vinaa yatsyaan-
mayaa bhootam charaa-charam (SBG 10:39)

Furthermore, I am the seed of all beings, O Arjuna! There is no being, whether moving or non-moving, that can exist without Me.
——————————
10:40
नान्तोऽस्ति मम दिव्यानां विभूतीनां परंतप |
एष तूद्देशतः प्रोक्तो विभूतेर्विस्तरो मया || १० ४० ||
naanto’sti mama divyaa-naam
vibhootee-naam parantapa
esha tood-deshatah prokto
vibhooter-vistaro mayaa (SBG 10:40)

There is no end to My divine glories, O Arjuna, but this was merely a brief illustration by Me of My divine glories!
——————————
10:41
यद्यद्विभूतिमत्सत्त्वं श्रीमदूर्जितमेव वा |
तत्तदेवावगच्छ त्वं मम तेजोंशसंभवम् || १० ४१ ||
yad-yad vibhooti-mat sattvam
shree-madoor-jitameva vaa
tatta-devaava-gaccha tvam
mama tejom’sha-sambhavam (SBG 10:41)

Whatever there is that is glorious, prosperous and powerful, you should know that to be a manifestation of a part of My Splendour.
——————————
10:42
अथवा बहुनैतेन किं ज्ञातेन तवार्जुन |
विष्टभ्याहमिदं कृत्स्नमेकांशेन स्थितो जगत् || १० ४२ ||
athavaa bahu-naithena
kim gnyaatena tavaarjuna
vishtabhyaa-hamidam krutsnam-
ekaamshena sthitho jagat (SBG 10:42)

But what is the need of all this detailed knowledge about My manifestations, O Arjuna? Just know that supporting the entire universe with a mere fragment of My Self, I forever, remain unchanged and transcendent.
——————————

ॐ तत्सदिति श्रीमद् भगवद्गीतासूपनिषत्सु
ब्रह्मविद्यायां योगशास्त्रे श्रीकृष्णार्जुनसंवादे
विभूतियोगो नाम दशमोऽध्यायः || १० ||

Hari Om Tat Sat
Iti Srimad Bhagavadgeetaasoopanishatsu Brahmavidyaayaam
Yogashaastre Sri Krishnaarjunasamvaade
Vibhootiyogo Naama Dashamo’dhyaayaha

Thus ends the tenth part of the Bhagavad Gita
“The Yoga of Divine Splendour”
-The Science of the Eternal, the Scripture of Yoga,
the dialogue between Shri Krishna and Arjuna.


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